The sense of entrance to a place in Kashan historical houses
The sense of place is like a mental perception of people individuals and the conscious feeling of the environment and the entrance as important signs cause the formation of mental image and the continuity of sense of belonging to the place in people. The character that the entrance takes is an important factor for the connection between inside and outside the building. The research question is what are the criteria for recognizing entrance architecture? And how have these criteria been able to improve the continuity of the sense of belonging to the place in the inhabitants of the historical context of Kashan? In the architecture of Kashan’s houses, entrance space as a conceptual element has high importance and reflects the architectural, cultural, and social values. This important element, which is based on behavioral patterns, has lost its identity today and has been reduced scale to a separating outside from inside. Studies show that integration and integrity, the radius of vision, and visual depth are three important indices designed based on them. This research through case study and using Depth map software has examined these characteristics at the entrance of nine historical houses in Kashan. The results show that the design of these entrances has the highest degree of coherence and a maximum radius of view and due to high visual depth have high privacy.
This work is licensed under a .
Altman, I., & Low, S. M. (1992). Place attachment (3th ed). Academic Press. http://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-8753-4
Brown, G., & Raymond, C. (2007). The relationship between place attachment and landscape values: toward mapping place attachment. Applied Geography, 27(2), 89–111.
Bourdieu, P. (1977). Outline of theory of practice. Cambridge University Press. http://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511812507
Breakwell, G. M. (1992). Processes of self-evaluation: efficacy and estrangement. In G. M. Breakwell (Ed.), Social psychology of identity and the self. Surrey University Press in association with Academic Press.
Canter, D. (1971). The psychology of place. The Architectural Press.
Di Masso, A., Dixon, J., & Durrheim, K. (2014). Place attachment as a discursive practice. In L. Manzo, & P. D. Wright (Eds.), Place attachment: advances in theory, methods and applications (pp. 75–86). Routledge.
Falahat, M. S., & Noohi, S. (2012). The nature of signs and their role in enhancement of sense of place in architectural spaces. Honar-Ha-Ye-Ziba, 17(1), 17–26.
Ghahari, A. R (2015, July). Iran’s architecture prideworthies fundation. http://www.ammi.ir
Hammitt, W. E., Backlund, E. A., & Bixler, R. D. (2004). Experience use history, place bonding, and resource substitution of trout anglers during recreation engagements. Journal of Leisure Research, 36(3), 356–378. http://doi.org/10.1080/00222216.2004.11950028
Hashemzadeh, H., Heydari, A. A., & Mohammadhoseini, P. (2013). Sense of place and place attachment. Architecture and Urban Development, 3(1), 5–12.
Hidalgo, M. C., & Hernandez, B. (2001). Place attachment: conceptual and empirical. Journal of Environmental, 21(3), 273– 281. http://doi.org/10.1006/jevp.2001.0221
Jorgensen, B. S., & Stedman, R. C. (2006). A comparative predictors of sense of place dimension: Attachment to dependence on, and identification with lakeshore properties. Environment Management, 79(3), 316–327. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2005.08.003
Jorgensen, B. S., & Stedman, R. C. (2001). Sense of Place as an attitude: lakeshore owner’s attitudes toward their properties. Environmental Psychology, 21(3), 233–248.
Kyle, G., Graefe, A., & Manning, R. (2005). Testing the dimensionality of place attachment in recreational settings. Environment and Behavior, 37(2), 153–177.
Lewicka, M. (2011). Place attachment: how far have we come in the last 40 years? Environment Psychology, 31(3), 207–230. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2010.10.001
Mehdipoor, H., Jafari, R., & Sadati, S. P. (2013). The role of “Jelo khan” in residential vernacular architecture of Iran. Housing and Rural Environment, 32(142), 3–18. http://jhre.ir/article1-241-en.html
Messy, D. (1994). Space, place and gender. University of Minnesota Press.
Mozaffaripour, N. (2014). Recognizing effective factors in entrance scape of commercial and religious buildings to improve sense of invitation (Case study: Tajrish Area, Tehran). Urban Landscape Research, 1(1), 17–24.
Norberg-Schulz, C. (1981). Genius Loci: paysage, ambiance, architecture. Mardaga.
Norouzitalab, A. (2006). The text originality as the antecedent of criticism and interpretation. Bagh-e Nazar, 3(6), 100–111.
Parkinson, J. R. (2000). Democracy and public space: the physical sites of democratic performance (1st ed.). Oxford University Press.
Proshansky, H. M. (1978). The city and self-identify. Environment and Behavior, 10(2), 147–169. http://doi.org/10.1177/0013916578102002
Rapoport, A. (1990). The meaning of the built environment: a nonverbal communication approach. University of Arizona Press.
Raymond, C. M., Kytta, M., & Stedman, R. (2017). Sense of place, fast and slow: the potential contributions of affordance theory to sense of place. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 1–14. http://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01674
Relph, E. (2008). Disclosing the ontological depth of place: Heidegger’s topology by Jeff maps. Environment and Architectural Phenomenology, 22(4), 4–16.
Relph, E. (2009). A pragmatic sense of place. Environmental and Architectural Phenomenology, 20(3), 8–19.
Relph, E. (1976). Place and placelessness. Pion and Sussex Academic Press.
Scannell, L., & Gifford, R. (2010). Defining place attachment: A tripartite organizing framework. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 30, 1–10.
Shamai, S. (1991). Sense of place: an empirical measurement.
Geuforum, 22(3), 347–358. http://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7185(91)90017-K
Stokols, D., & Shumaker, S. A. (1981). People in places: a transactional view of settings. In J. H. Harvey (Ed.), Cognition, social behavior, and the environment (pp. 441–488). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Sultanzadeh, H. (1993). Urban spaces in historical fabrics of Iran. Cultural Research Office in Corporation with Tehran Municipality.
Tavassoli, M. (2008). Urban design, the art of renewing urban structure, with four case studies. Khane-ye Chap and Tarh.
Twigger-Ross, C. L., & Uzzell, D. (1996). Place and identity processes. Environmental Psychology, 16(3), 205–220.
Wagenaar, H. (2011). Meaning in action: interpretation and dialogue in policy analysis. M.E. Sharpe.
White, D. D., Virden, R. J., & van Riper, C. J. (2008). Effects of place identity, place dependence, and experience-use history on perceptions of recreation impacts in a natural setting. Environmental Management, 42, 647–657. http://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-008-9143-1